Stuart, Charles, King Charles I of England (1625 – 1649). EIKON BASILIKE / THE / PORVTRAICTVRE / OF / HIS SACRED MAIESTIE / IN / HIS SOLITUDES / AND / SUFFERINGS. Together with his MAIESTIES Praiers / delivered to Doctor Juxton immediately / before His Death. / Also His Majesties REASONS, Against the pre- / tended Jurisdiction of the high Court of / Justice, whih he intended to deliver / in Writing on Monday, January 22 1648. [No publisher. No place.] M.DC. XLIX  Madan 62; Almack 48; Wing E311. 8vo, 17 cm, the EIKON is 247 pages, the verso of p. 247 is blank.
This copy begins with a double-page frontispiece of the king in prayer, signed in the plate “Guil.Marshall delin.” (center) and “Ro. Vaughn Scupl” in the lower right-hand corner, under the king’s foot a map with “Mundi Calco,” and behind him the weighted palm tree. The initial blank with the explanation in Latin and English of the emblematic frontispiece is lacking. The title page is in red and black: “EIKON BASILIKE” is given in red with Greek letters. “PORVTRACTVRE,” “MAIESTIE,” “Maiesties,” and “M.DC.XLIX” are all printed in red, the rest of the letters are black. There are three red printer’s marks in each of the four corners of the title page.
The collation is as follows: [frontispiece; A1-2, B1-8 through I1-8; K1-8 through Q1-8 (verso of P2 has the portrait of the Prince of Wales: “Natus May 29 An˚ 1630 AEtatus suae 19 / Þ / ”), R1-4; verso of R4 is blank, recto of R5 is blank, verso of R5 has the portrait of Charles as “Fidei Defensor”; bound in here is THE /PAPERS /Which passed at / NEW-CASTLE / BETWIXT / His Sacred MAJESTIE / AND / Mr. ALEX. HENDERSON: Concerning the Change of / CHURCH-GOVERNMENT. / Anno Dom. 1646. Printed for R. Royston, at the Angel in Ivie-lane, London: M.DC.XL.IX. (A1-8 through D1-8, D8 is blank); the original collation concludes with S1-6 and T1-2.
Other points of identification of this printing:
1. Chapter 19 is numbered in error as 16;
2. Chapter 28 is numbered in the contents but not in the text;
3. The number of prayers is 4;
4. P. 212 is occupied by a portrait of Charles II, and to his right is a crown of thorns;
5. Leaves T1 and T2 are unpaginated.
According to Madan, this small issue of the EIKON was circulated in advance and printed by Francis Leach. The title page is dated 1649, but Madan tells us this edition of the EIKON was an “integral part of the 1651 edition of the Works.” As the first issue with the frontispiece 11, Madan also says, “This issue is very rare. I only know of three copies, including that described by Almack.”
Bound in contemporary brown morocco with Madan’s binding stamp 15: the Death Mask surmounted with the Royal Cypher “CR” which is under the King’s Crown, all stamped in gold, in the center of the front and back covers. Elaborate gold thistles occupy each of the four corners of each cover. The spine is marked out in blind in with ten empty panels. The borders of the covers are mitred with a simple double-line border all around, and the edges of the covers are decorated with a simple embossed pattern. Page edges are gilded all around. The front cover is slightly sprung. There is wear to the foot of the front hinge. Three of the corners have been knocked. Replacement end papers have been put in, probably in the nineteenth century, with prior booksellers’ pencil notations on the front and back flyleaves. Of more interest are the two old ink annotations on the verso of the frontispiece: “No. 43” and, below, “D.F.” over “N.9.” The apparent resheathing is not cause for concern, as the original binding for this edition was preserved, and Almack describes a copy bound with the Royal Arms with similar manuscript annotations. Maden says that this binding stamp was “… probably made in 1650.” Overall, an astonishing copy of a very rare edition: bright and crisp, free of foxing, and in a contemporary binding.