French Revolutionary Legal Manuscript November 1794 from the Department of Indre and Loire

$450.00

Autograph letter from Ch. Pottier, the Commisaire du Directoire exécutif près le Tribunal Correctionnel de Loches on official République Française stationery of the Département d’Indre et Loire with « Liberté, Égalité, Justice » and Marianne, the national personification  of Liberty, in Roman-style clothing, standing between « Liberté » and « Égalité ». Chosen deliberately to signify a break with the old royal regime of kings and promote republican ideology, Marianne had become the female allegory of the First French Republic by the date of this letter of November 24, 1794, or as written “24 frimaire, an 3”. Also engraved on this official letter form, just below the blank for the date is the motto : la République Française, une and indivisible (“the French Republic, one and indivisible”).

Description

French Revolutionary Legal Manuscript in ink on a a partially engraved official letter form, 3 pages on paper watermarked with a “P” parallel to the horizontal chain lines. Autograph letter from Ch. Pottier, the Commisaire du Directoire exécutif près le Tribunal Correctionnel de Loches on official République Française stationery of the Département d’Indre et Loire with « Liberté, Égalité, Justice » and Marianne, the national personification  of Liberty, in Roman-style clothing, standing between « Liberté » and « Égalité ». Chosen deliberately to signify a break with the old royal regime of kings and promote republican ideology, Marianne had become the female allegory of the First French Republic by the date of this letter of November 24, 1794, or as written “24 frimaire, an 3”. Also engraved on this official letter form, just below the blank for the date is the motto : la République Française, une and indivisible (“the French Republic, one and indivisible”).

The purpose of this law-and-order document in letter form is to announce new obligations imposed by Law 93, 884, to set forth a table of offenses and to put them under the eyes of the Government. The recipient of this formal letter-report is addressed only as “Citizen.” Under the provisions of Article 4 the recipient will be enabled to send Ch. Pottier a report of the offenses committed every ten days: « … d’après les dispositions de l’article 4 vous aurez me faire parvenir tous les décadis l’état des  Délits qui auront été comis dans votre canton pendant les dix jours précedent… ». If no offenses have been committed the « Citoyen » recipient of this letter will send a certificate to M. Pottier attesting to that fact. Ch. Pottier signs with an exhortation for the recipient to show a proof of his zeal to support the ways of the government on a point which also essentially concerns public tranquility:  «  une preuve de votre zèle à seconder les voies du gouvernment sur un point qui interesse aussi essentielment la tranquilite publique. » This document of the French judicial system in late 1794 comes shortly after the end of the Reign of Terror, when public behavior was still being examined for disloyal tendencies to the new republic and penalties assigned. Creased laid paper, without any text loss, otherwise fine condition.

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