A Warrant Issued 31 October 1744 to Collect Taxes to Put Shelter Island in a Proper Posture of Defence Signed by Brinley Sylvester and Seven Other Men

$6,500.00

As a result of European hostilities, the New York Assembly passed this defense act: An act for repairing and compleating the Fortifications of this Colony; for Defraying the Charge of the several Services therein mentioned; for the Use and Security of the said Colony; and for building a new House, proper for the Residence of Governors thereof, for the time being. Pass’d the 19th of May, 1744. 17th George II A.D. 1744. Pursuant to this Act being passed on 19 May 1744, in Suffolk County, on Shelter Island, a warrant was given by the Supervisors of Suffolk County to the Tax Collector to collect three thousand, two hundred pounds sterling (3,200 £)  “… for putting it in a Proper Posture of Defence, & for discharging the Several Services which ye Present State of Affairs make it necessary to provide for.” The tax was to be collected from Freeholders and Inhabitants of Shelter Island in the assessed amount of “ye sum of four Pounds, twelve Shillings, & two Pence, one Farthing together with one Shilling on ye Pound out of which ye Collector may return in his Hands nine Pence on each Pound for his collecting and paying ye Sums …”. The money was to be collected and paid by “ye first Tuesday in June” of 1745, as the warrant is dated October 31, 1744. The Supervisors’ signatures are at the bottom and their seals are along the left-edge of this single page document.

Description

The military operations in North America that formed the Colonial part of the War of the Austrian Succession, also known as King George’s War (1744–1748), comprised the third of four French and Indian Wars. King George’s War took place primarily in the British provinces of New York, Massachusetts Bay, New Hampshire and Nova Scotia.

As a result of these hostilities, the New York Assembly passed this defense act: An act for repairing and compleating the Fortifications of this Colony; for Defraying the Charge of the several Services therein mentioned; for the Use and Security of the said Colony; and for building a new House, proper for the Residence of Governors thereof, for the time being. Pass’d the 19th of May, 1744. 17th George II A.D. 1744.

Pursuant to this Act being passed on 19 May 1744, in Suffolk County, on Shelter Island, a warrant was given by the Supervisors of Suffolk County to the Tax Collector to collect three thousand, two hundred pounds sterling (3,200 £)  “… for putting it in a Proper Posture of Defence, & for discharging the Several Services which ye Present State of Affairs make it necessary to provide for.” The tax was to be collected from Freeholders and Inhabitants of Shelter Island in the assessed amount of “ye sum of four Pounds, twelve Shillings, & two Pence, one Farthing together with one Shilling on ye Pound out of which ye Collector may return in his Hands nine Pence on each Pound for his collecting and paying ye Sums …”. The money was to be collected and paid by “ye first Tuesday in June” of 1745, as the warrant is dated October 31, 1744. The Supervisors’ signatures are at the bottom and their seals are along the left-edge of this single page document.

Document Text:

“Suffolk County}

To the Assessor & Collector of Shelter Island respectively

Pursuant to an Act of ye General Assembly on — an Act to raise and collect in this Colony the sum of three thousand, two hundred pounds for putting it in a proper Posture of Defence, & for discharging the Several Services which ye Present State of Affairs make it necessary to provide for. You are hereby authorized & required, to assess, —, & collect of & from ye several Freeholders & Inhabitants of your Island ye sum of four Pounds, twelve Shillings, & two Pence, one Farthing together with one Shilling on ye Pound out of which ye Collector may return in his Hands nine Pence on each Pound for his collecting and paying ye Sums, and ye Remainder to pay unto ye Treasurer of the County on or before ye first Tuesday in June most of being ye Proportion of ye said Island and paying ye Tax of three thousand, two hundred Pounds in ye said Act mentioned. And for your so doing this shall be your sufficient Warrant Given under ye Islands & seals of ye Supervisors of ye said County. Ye 31st day of October Anno Dom[ini] 1744.

Josiah Howell                          B[rinley] Sylvester

Daniel Smith                           George Phillips

Richard Lloyd

Isaac Brush

Cornelius Conkling Jnr

Sam[uel] Landon”

Considering the age, the condition of this extraordinary surviving New York Colonial Tax Warrant is good to very good. Some of the wax seals are damaged and partially missing on this one page document, ink on paper.

Citation: The History of Shelter Island from Its Settlement in 1652 to the Present Time, 1932 by Ralph G. Duvall, pages 52 – 55, for a description of Brinley Sylvester’s life and career as Nathaniel Sylvester’s grandson and as a Supervisor.

Citation:

Laws of New York, From The Year 1691, to  1751, inclusive. Published according to an Act of the General Assembly. New York: James Parker, Printer to the Government, at the new Printing-Office, in Beaver Street, MDCCLII.

Laws of New York, Chapter DCCLVIII, An act for repairing and compleating the Fortifications of this Colony; for Defraying the Charge of the several Services therein mentioned; for the Use and Security of the said Colony; and for building a new House, proper for the Residence of Governors thereof, for the time being. Pass’d the 19th of May, 1744. 17th George II A.D. 1744 Obsolete.

Mary Sylvester Autograph Manuscript Letter Smallpox Earthquake and Slaves December 8 1737

Ten Letters 1702 – 1720 by Hannah Sylvester a Shelter Island Heiress

Andrew Oliver Manuscript Autograph Letter Signed July 13 1738 to Brinley Sylvester on Shelter Island

Congressman Jonathan Nicoll Havens Manuscript Autograph Letter to Postmaster Sag Harbor Henry Packer Dering March 1798